Category Archives: JRN 340

How the Smoking Ban has Impacted Mount Pleasant

May 1, 2012, marks the two-year anniversary of the implementation of the Dr. Ron Davis Smoke Free Air Law, which banned smoking in bars and restaurants throughout the state.

The purpose of this law was to protect the “public health and well-being of workers and customers alike,” according to the Michigan Department of Community Health’s website.

“This is the best thing to happen to Michigan,” said Barb Morell, patron at Marty’s Bar and Grill in Mount Pleasant. “Having a smoke-free area is a good thing. There are people that have health problems, and they need to be protected from the smoke if they go into a restaurant or into a bar.”

One of the major concerns raised when legislators were reviewing the smoking ban was that it would result in declining in business for many establishments.

“We have not seen any decline in business over the last two years,” said Paula Phillips, general manager at Lone Star Steakhouse in Mount Pleasant.

Those who implemented a smoking ban prior to the enactment of the law have also seen little impact.

Having become a smoke-free establishment 16 months prior to the bill being passed, Mountain Town Station in Mount Pleasant was not fazed by the State’s decision.

“Our core demographic is not the bar scene or the hardcore smokers,” said Michael Fick, assistant general manager. “Those that are have accepted it. It makes the food taste better and creates a better atmosphere for the customers.”

Other Mount Pleasant businesses have not been as fortunate.

“It definitely affected business in the beginning,” said Courtney Snody, manager at Marty’s. “It obviously wasn’t something that we would have imposed had it not been the law. We have a lot of regular customers that have come to this bar for over 20 years that are smokers. I think it was a really big adjustment for them.”

Steve Bissell, owner of the Blackstone Bar in Mount Pleasant, focused on the impact the law had not only on his business but also his suppliers (vending machines, jukeboxes, pool tables).

“When people are smoking outside, they’re not playing games, they’re not playing music, they’re not playing pool. It affects me…it affects a lot of the community.”

One unintended (or perhaps intentional) consequence of the law is an increase in the number of people quitting smoking.

“I quit,” said Fick, adding, “I don’t think I would’ve been able to had the ban not been in place.”

Some find it makes no difference at all.

“None of my friends have quit smoking because they have to do it outside,” said Sean Hoolehan, patron at The Bird Bar and Grill in Mount Pleasant. “The winter sucks, but in the summertime, why not be outside? You’ve got the sunshine; you’ve got warm weather; you’ve got good friends, especially at the bar.”

Most are happy with the smoke-free environments, but some remain bitter about the way it was implemented.

“Nobody should be happy about this because of the way that it went through,” said Ben Breidenstein, manager at The Bird. “You weren’t given a choice; it was just taken away from you.”

Most smokers seem willing to comply with this law, acknowledging that times have certainly changed.

“Smoking is one of those things that you’re allowed to be prejudiced against,” said Sting, adding, “We understand that we have a smelly habit and not everyone wants to be around it, so we’ll do it outside.”

Business owners, employees and patrons all seemingly share the belief that this law is here to stay, but some would like subtle changes to be made.

“I think it should be up to the business owners,” said Don Armstrong, patron at Marty’s. “Like this bar, where the owner and every employee here all smoke. And they have to go outside their own business just to have a cigarette?”

“It could be modified,” said Sting. “There could be designated smoking areas like a pavilion or a patio, like we have here, that could actually bring in business. We [smokers] need safe havens.”

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The Running Dead

On March 31, 2012, zombies invaded Deerfield Nature Park in Mount Pleasant, MI to raise money for Special Olympics. Over 100 people participated in the one-mile Zombie Attack Run organized by five students from a Planning Recreation Programs and Events class at Central Michigan University.

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Review of Video Report: “Dementia Behind Bars”

As the prison population in the state of California has continued to grow, so too has the number of aging inmates.  These prisoners are more prone to develop dementia for a number of reasons including depression and head trauma caused by fights. To help combat this problem the California Men’s Colony is using convicted killers to care for those inmates who can no longer care for themselves. “Dementia Behind Bars” follows three of these men, or Gold Coats (named for the yellow jackets they wear), as they attempt to repay their debt to society.

The story opens with a wide shot of the basketball court in the prison yard. The inmates slowly make their way back inside, and the gloomy, foggy day suddenly brightens. The sound of soft music can be heard along with the clanging of metal and birds chirping. This smoothly transitions to one of the inmates, a Gold Coat, explaining to his patient where they are headed. This simple explanation requires a minute of his time, illustrating the sense of confusion dementia patients experience and how much patience is necessary to care for them. This is paired with a photograph of the two inmates walking, one with their arm around the other.

The story is constructed in a clear and logical way. It begins by explaining how the program works, detailing what the Gold Coats’ duties are and the help available through the dementia ward. This transitions to the Gold Coats themselves, who are identified by name and their conviction on the lower third of the screen, telling how they ended up in prison. The rest of the story surrounds the issues facing prisoners with dementia and the shortcomings of the system to support them. It concludes by saying that although participation in the program does not guarantee parole for the caregivers, it is a beacon of hope for those with little to look forward to (patient and caregiver).

A variety of shots are used throughout the telling of the story. One sequence in which one patient is getting his fingernails filed by someone who is not his caregiver is particularly memorable. It includes a wide shot of the three men sitting on a bench, and then it shifts to close-up of the man’s hands, his nails jagged from constantly biting them. The sequence concludes with a medium shot from a low angle, revealing the height of the walls surrounding them.

“Dementia Behind Bars” is organized and paced very well. The transitions between the voice over narration, which tell of the obstacles facing dementia patients and the state of California’s inability to care for them, and the parts provided by the inmates, are seamless. The use of music, although brief, was a nice touch and definitely worked with the other components to help tell the story.

B-roll included conversations between the inmates. This mainly consisted of the Gold Coats explaining things to their patients or convincing them to clean themselves or stop biting their fingernails. Placed over photographs of the inmates showering or participating in meetings for dementia patients, the audio illustrated how the men were cared for on a daily basis. It also showed the patience required of, and present within, the caregivers.

The story clocks in at just under eight minutes, but at no point did I feel that it dragged on. In fact, I would have liked for the story to have gone on longer. It is a great example of a character-driven story because it is told through the eyes of those most involved with the program – the caregivers themselves.

Hearing a convicted murderer say how cleaning up another human being after an accident humbles him is revealing and draws the reader in. Watching him then fix that same man’s bed, asking how exactly he wanted it done, illustrated how the program is affecting those involved.

“Dementia Behind Bars” was one of the best stories I have viewed in a long time, regardless of medium. There was nothing in this story that did not keep me interested or that I did not approve of. If I were to change anything, it would be to prolong the already lengthy story. There was a brief mention of two prisoners who had been paroled after participating in the program. I would have liked to have heard from those individuals to see how the program helped them adjust to life on the outside, if at all.

I enjoyed this story because it contained equal parts quality information, visuals and sound. The use of conversation between patient and caregiver evokes emotion from the reader while illustrating what daily life is like for both parties. The Gold Coats reflecting on their crimes was also an effective means for drawing the reader in. The fact that the entire story was shot in black and white was fitting for such an emotional, and somewhat hopeless, story.

The authors’ goal was undoubtedly to raise awareness about an issue that does not get much attention but is a growing issue in our society. They accomplish this, along with what is the goal of any journalistic piece – they force the reader to ask themselves questions.

I know that one immediately popped into this reader’s head when I was finished. If one purpose of prison is to give the criminal enough time to force them to think about what they have done, what do we do when the criminal is no longer capable of basic thought, let alone self-reflection and contrition?

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In a Desperate Land

When the Bennett Freeze, named after the Bureau of Indian Affairs Commissioner, Robert Bennett, was enacted in 1966, the Navajo and Hopi tribes of Arizona were prohibited from building homes on their land or connecting to services like running water and electricity. Despite this, some have remained on the desolate land, holding steadfast to their belief that one is tied to the place they are born. In “Frozen land, forgotten people,” Katy Newton and photographer Barbara Davidson tell the story of one of these families – the Gordys.

The story opens with a woman gently singing in the background and a photo of a rainbow stretching over the uninhabited land, setting the mood of hope despite tremendous odds found in the story to follow.

The mother and father provide the narrative throughout, alternating between discussions of the struggles they face and pride they feel in the land. Finding the children something to play with seemed to be more of a worry for the mother than collecting water was for the father. In both cases, the concern for their children is displayed by each parent, and this is portrayed wonderfully by the author.

The photographs capture the sense of isolation the family endures, along with the fun the Gordy children are able to have with no toys, playground or friends. Close-ups are utilized to capture the wrinkles in the grandmother’s hands and the sparkle in the water the family must travel so far to obtain. Shadow was also used well and worked to mirror the sense of contrast being told in the story. One image has one of the children playing on a boulder with the sun shining just on her, acting as a spotlight, and in the darkened distance the run-down home she will soon return to can be seen.

The slide show did not contain any captions, but it did contain slides which had all of the necessary background information on the laws impacting the Gordy family. The names of those in the photos or speaking were not identified in the slide show, but they were in the full-text article.

A combination of natural sound, music and spoken word are utilized by the author to tell the story. The mother and father provide the narration, and at one point, the music as well (the mother singing) to set the mood. The sound of the children bouncing on the trampoline portrays the fun they are still able to have with so little, and the sound of the gate creaking slowly gives the reader a sense of loneliness and desolation. Combined with smooth transitions (fade-ins), the photos and audio move the story along at a perfect pace. Newton did an excellent job of combining all aspects of the story without having anything too loud or overpowering.

The story finishes with the father discussing how he wants his children to bury him inside of the corral on their land, meaning he would remain there forever. This is paired with a photograph of him wrapping his arm around his daughter as they walk home, the sun quickly setting. The combination evokes not just a sense of worry, but also of hope, for this family as they remain isolated and in poverty.

This story was nearly perfect in every way. I enjoyed how the narration was provided by the parents, ensuring their emotion is displayed, and the variety of photographs also helped keep me interested. I only wish I could have heard from the children who have lived in this manner their entire life and have no sense of any other opportunities; their naivety could have enhanced the story.

The fact that the Bennett Freeze was enacted over 40 years ago and this is the first I am hearing of it speaks to the importance of this article. Newton took an issue that has long been overlooked because it affects so few people and can easily be swept under the rug, and placed a human face on the problem – the Gordys’.

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Sit-down with local leader of International Music Fraternity

Shelby Miller, co-vice president of membership for Sigma Alpha Iota, tells of her involvement with the International Music Fraternity for Women. She explains how the organization has benefited her personally in addition to the local community.

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How Journalists Can Get the Most out of Multimedia

As a journalism student the use of multimedia will be key in the future if I hope to compete with other journalists in the field. The incorporation of audio, video and audience interaction is vital in ensuring an audience. The articles below are examples of journalists who implemented these tools successfully to create a great news story.

“Detroit’s last rites”
Reuter’s
Text/Photo/Comments
The article contains forty-three photos, each containing a caption which moves the story along. The journalist shows how the church has become dilapidated but is still able to help those in need. It also contains a link to the full story which delves deeper into the church’s history and another to the photographer’s blog.

“Livin’ on love”
Grand Central Magazine
Text/Photo/Video/Comments
The text and photos work to tell the story of Bill Parsons. The photographs of his worn out socks or him playing with his children do more than words could. The video, shot in black and white, includes part of the interview with Parsons and his wife in addition to still shots.

“Mass Hysteria in Upstate New York”
Slate
Text/Photo/Video/PDF/Comments
The article includes a screenshot from the Today Show as well as text which goes into great depth about the event in addition to the history of mass hysteria in America. The article contained numerous links to other sites which contained additional information on this story and past cases. One link went to a YouTube video of a girl suffering the symptoms described in the story and another to a journal article about cases of mass hysteria in Taiwan.

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NORML and Future Tense: Blogging at its Best

Over the past week I have been following a pair of professional bloggers in the hope of learning the skills necessary to be a successful blogger myself. I chose to follow Paul Armentano, deputy director for the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) and Torie Bosch, editor of the Future Tense section of Slate Magazine.

Armentano’s NORML blog deals exclusively with issues surrounding marijuana law reform. This includes weekly articles on current and upcoming legislation in addition to features on law enforcement’s and medicine’s handling of marijuana. His posts are in-depth, full of statistics and analysis, and include plenty of links to further reading. Armentano is clearly an advocate for marijuana law reform, and this is evident in his writing. However, every piece of opinion that he expresses is reinforced with statistics the reader can view for themselves.

In Future Tense, Bosch covers the future of technology. From military to in-home, she discusses how technology is improving our lives in addition to current legal and ethical issues in the field. Because Bosch covers such a broad range of topics and her posts are typically under 500 words, I find it easy to read her blog every day. She avoids injecting her own opinion into her posts, relying on the audience to do so after she has laid out all of the information.

Armentano and Bosch both do an excellent job of sticking to what they know best. They are sure to frequently update their blogs with the latest news, posting multiple times a day if necessary. The most impressive aspect of their work is the amount of links that both journalists provide for the reader. Bosch often places links to further information at the end of her posts, and Armentano includes not only links to other readings but information on whom to contact if the reader wants to act on what they just read.

My only complaint about the two blogs is that there was no dialogue between the author and the audience. The majority of responses in the comments section were intelligent and warranted further conversation.

Despite this, Armentano and Bosch are excellent examples of how a journalist should use a blog. Their writing style and opinion (or lack thereof) is what drew me to their blogs in the first place, and after following their work for the past week, I am certain I will continue to follow.

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